​                                   English: variant spelling of Read 1.

                                                        R E A D

nickname for a person with red hair or a ruddy complexion, from Middle English re(a)d ‘red’. topographic name for someone who lived in a clearing, from an unattested Old English ried, r¯d ‘woodland clearing’. habitational name from various places: Read in Lancashire, the name of which is a contracted form of Old English r?gheafod, from r?ge ‘female roe deer’, ‘she-goat’ + heafod ‘head(land)’; Rede in Suffolk, so called from Old English hreod ‘reeds’; or Reed in Hertfordshire, so called from an Old English ryhð ‘brushwood’.

                                         R E A R I C K
Americanized spelling of German Rohrich (see Roehrig)
topographic name from Middle High German rorach,roerach 'reed bed', or a habitational name from any of four places named with this word.
from a Germanic personal name, Hrodric, from hrod 'renown', 'victory'.

                                           R E G N E R
(Bavarian): habitational name for someone from regen (a place on the Regen river, for what it is named.
from a Germanic personal name composed of the elemants ragin 'counsel' + hari, heri 'army'.

                                                           R I B B

From earlier riff, from Middle English rif, from Old Norse rif (“rib, reef”), from Proto-Germanic *ribją (“rib, reef”), from Proto-Indo-European *rebh-(“arch, ceiling, cover”). Cognate with Dutch rif (“reef”), Low German riff, reff (“reef”), German Riff (“reef, ledge”), Old English ribb (“rib”). More at rib.

(1) A chain or range of rocks, sand, or coral lying at or near the surface of the water.
(2) (Australia, South Africa) A large vein of auriferous quartz; hence, any body of rock yielding valuable ore.
(3) (nautical) A portion of a sail rolled and tied down to lessen the area exposed in a high wind.
(4) A reef knot.

                                             R I D D L E
habitational name from Ryedale in North Yorkshire, being the valley of the river Rye (a name of Celtic origin).
variant of Riddell
Locality From lands in the county of Yorkshire, formerly called the Ryedales.

                                            R O B B I N S
English: patronymic from Robin.
Scottish, English, French and German: from the personal name Robin, a pet form of Robert, composed of the short form Rob + the hypocoristic suffix -in.
Slovenian: unexplained.
Jewish: (Ashkenazic): variant of Rubin or Rabin.

                                            R O B E R T S
Saxon From Rod, counsel, and bert or bericht, bright or famous -- famous in counsel.

                                             R O B I S O N
Son of Robbin or Robin.  Also, derived from the Polish word rabin (rabbi).

                                                                R O S E

English, Scottish, French, and German: from the name of the flower, Middle English, Old French, Middle High German rose (Latin rosa), in various applications. In part it is a topographic name for someone who lived at a place where wild roses grew, or a habitational name for someone living at a house bearing the sign of the rose. It is also found, especially in Europe, as a nickname for a man with a ‘rosy’ complexion. As an American surname, this name has absorbed cognates and similar-sounding names from other European languages. English: variant of Royce. Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from the word for the flower (German Rose, Yiddish royz), or a metronymic name from the Yiddish female personal name Royze, derived from the word for the flower.

                                        R O S E N B E R G
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): habitational name from any of numerous places so named ('rose mountain').
Swedish, Danish. and Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name composed of the elemants ros(e) 'rose' + the affix -en (taken from german) + berg 'mountain'

                                             R O W L A N D
English: from Rol(I)ant, a Norman personal name composed of the Germanic elemants hrod 'renown' + 'land', territory (or + -nand 'bold', assimilated to -lant 'land').  This was popular throughout Europe in the Middle Ages as a result of the fame of Charlemagne's warrior of this name, who was killed at Roncesvalles in AD 778.
English: habitational name from places in Derbyshire and Sussex, so named from Old Norse ra' 'roebuck' + lundr 'wood', 'grove'.
Variant of German and French Roland.

                                                  R U D G E
topographic name from West Midland Middle English rugge, a variant of rigge 'ridge', or a habitational name from the village of Ridge in Shropshire, which is named with this word.
form a medevil personal name, a pet form of Roger.
nickname for a person with red hair or a ruddy complexion, from Old French r(o)uge 'red' (Latin rubeus).

                                                     R U G H
Apparently a variant spelling of English Rough.
Probably an altered spelling of German Ruch.
Scottish from Older Scots rughe, roghe 'rough', a nickname for someone with a rough unkempt appearence or a topographic name for someone who lived by rough, uncultivated land.
Swiss and South German: nickname for a greedy person, from Middle High German ruoch 'eager', 'intent'.
German: nickname for an unkempt or rough person, from Middle Low German ru(ch), Middle High German ruch 'shaggy', 'rough', 'crude', 'hard'.

   Anatomy  of  the  " R " Surnames

Origin - Meanings of Surnames beginning with " R "

McBride - Bumpus Genealogy