McBride - Bumpus Genealogy
Anatomy of the " S " Surnames
Origin - Meanings of Surnames beginning with " S "
S A R V E Y
( spelling is from Family Tree Maker )
S E R V I - ( closest spelling found )
Italian: from the personal name Servo ‘servant’, ‘slave’, used by early Christians with devotional reference to the service of God.
S C H A L L
German: nickname for a braggart or for a market crier, from Middle High German schal 'noise' 'bragging'.
Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from german Schall 'sound'.
S C H U L T Z
German: status name for a village headman, from a contracted form of Middle High German schultheize. The term originally denoted a man responsible for collecting dues and paying them to the lord of the manor; it is a compound of sculd(a) ‘debt’, ‘due’ + a derivative of heiz(z)an ‘to command’. The surname is also established in Scandinavia. Jewish (Ashkenazic): from German Schulze (see 1 above). The reason for adoption are uncertain, but may perhaps have referred to a rabbi, seen as the head of a Jewish community, or to a trustee of a synagogue.
S E A R I N G
The ancestors of the name Searing date back to the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from when the Searing family lived in Sebright in the county of Essex which was later known as Great Seabright in Great Beddow in Essex. This surname is also of patronymic origin in that it was originally derived from the baptismal name Seabert, taken from the Old English personal name Saebeorht.
S E S S I O N S
English (of Norman origin): habitational name from Soissons in northern France, named for the Gaulish tribe who once inhabited the area, and whose name is recorded in Latin documents in the form Suessiones, of uncertain derivation.
S H A D L E
Americanized spelling of German Schadel.
S C H A D E L
South German (Schädel): nickname for someone with some peculiarity of the head, from Middle High German schedel ‘skull’.
S H A F F E R
Americanized spelling of German Schaffer 'steward' or of Schaefer'shepherd'.
S H E E L E R
Americanized form of German Schuler
South German (also Schuler): occupational name for a scholar or a student training to be a priest, from an agent derivative of Middle High German schuol(e) 'school'.
Jewish (Ash kenazic): occupational name for a Talmudic scholar or the sexton of a synagogue, from an agent derivative of Yiddish shul 'synagogue'.
S H I R L E Y
English: habitational name from any of various places, for example in Derbyshire, Hampshire, Surrey, and the West Midlands, all so called from Old English scir ‘bright’ + leah ‘wood’, ‘clearing’.
S M I T H
English: occupational name for a worker in metal, from Middle English smith (Old English smit, probably a derivative of smitan 'to strike, hammer').
Anglo-Saxon Smitan, to smite or strike.
'From what has hitherto been discovered, it appears that the great and formifable family of the Smiths are the veritable decendants, in a direct line, from Shem, the son of Noah, the father of the Shemitish tribe, or the tribe of Shem; and it is thus derived -- Shem, Shemit, Shmit, Smith.
Latin, Smithius; Italian, Smithi; Spanish, Smithas; Dutch, Schmidt; French, Smeets; Greek, Russian, Skmittoeski; Polish, Schmittiwciski; Chinese, Shimmit; Icelandic, Smithson; Welsh, Schmidd; Mexican, Smitti.
S T E V E N S
English: patronymic from the personal name Steven. It is also found in this spelling as a Dutch and North German name, and as an Americanized form of some like-sounding Jewish name, as well as cognate names in other European languages such as Stefan and Steffen and their derivatives.
From Stephen, from the Greek a crown. English, Steven; European, Stefan, Steffen.
S T E V E N S O N
Scottish and northern English: patronymic from the personal name Steven. As a North American surname, it has assimilated some European cognates such as Stefan and Steffen and their derivatives.
S T E W A R T
Walter, the son of Fleance, and grand-son of Banquo, was created, by Malcom III. Lord High Steward of Scotland, from which office his family afterward took and retained Stewart, and from them descended the royal family of Stuart.
S T R A I G H T
English: nickname from Middle English stre?t ‘straight’, ‘upright’, presumably applied in either a literal or a figurative sense.
S T R O U P
Perhaps an altered spelling of Stroop.
S T R O O P
Dutch and North German: from Middle Dutch, Middle Low German stropen ‘to plunder’ or ‘to flay’, a nickname for a raider or looter, or an occupational name for a skinner.
S T R U T H E R S
Scottish: variant of Strother.
Northern English and Scottish: topographic name from northern Middle English strother 'damp land overgrown with brushwood', or a habitational name from any of the various places named with this word, as for example Strother in Tyne and Wear, or Struthers in Fife and Strathclyde.